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التبادل الاعلاني
احداث منتدى مجاني

مصطلحات في اللغة الإنجليزية

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل

مصطلحات في اللغة الإنجليزية

مُساهمة من طرف Admin في الإثنين يناير 11, 2010 4:14 pm

Fundamental Idioms
in English

الجزء الأول Part One
1- above all = (mainly, especially, most importantly)
أهم من كل شيء، قبل كل شيء
And above all, remember to send us your comments.
2- all at once = (suddenly, all of a sudden)
فجأة ، في نفس الوقت
All at once the sky became dark and it started to rain.
3- all day long = (the entire day, continuously)
طول اليوم
She has been working hard all day long.
4- all of a sudden = (suddenly)
بغتة ، فجأة
We were talking and all of a sudden Tom appeared.
5- all right = (satisfactory, correct)
على ما يرام
Will it be all right if I drive ?
6- as a matter of fact = (in fact, really)
في الحقيقة
As a matter of fact, l enjoy touring in Europe.
7- as usual = (as always, customarily)
Paul will come late tonight as usual.
8- as yet = (up to the present time)
لحد الآن
As yet we have no answer from Sheila.
9- ask for = (request)
Did you ask for permission to leave ?
10- at all =(in any degree, in the least- generally used in a negative sense)
I never smoke at all.
11- at first = (originally, in the first instance)
في البداية
At first the tourist thought English was very difficult but then, he made very good progress.
12- at last = (finally)
At last we made up our minds to study psychology.
13- to back out = ( to withdraw, to fail to fulfill a promise or obligation)
يتراجع عن ، يتنصل من
We were all ready to sign the agreement when Mr. Smith backed out.
14- to back up = ( to put a car in reverse, drive or go backwards).
ينسحب للوراء
Back up a few feet more and then you can get out.
15- to be better off = (to be in a better condition or situation)
من الأفضل له أن
If he were very sick, he would be better off in hospital.
16- to be bound for {somewhere} = (to be going in a certain direction)
متجه إلى
The ship is bound for New York.
17- to be bound to = (certain, definite)
لابد ، متأكد
We are bound to be late if you don’t hurry.
18- to be cut out for = (to be designed for, have talent for, serve as)
يليق ، يصلح ، يناسب
Carl is certainly not cut out for to be a doctor.
19- to be in charge of = (to manage, to be responsible for)
مسئول عن ، متعهد بـ
Jack is in charge of the office while Mr. Brown is away.
20- to be in one’s way = (to block or obstruct, thus causing inconvenience)
في طريقك
Is this chair in your way ? You can remove it if you want.
21- to be named after = (to be given at birth the same name as another)
David was named after his uncle.
22- to be taken in = (to be cheated, deceived)
يخدع ، يغش
The old lady was taken in by his smooth manner of talking, and gave him all her savings to invest for her.
23- to be well off = (to be rich)
عنده ما يكفي (من الشيء)
Carol’s parents were once well off, but they lost all their money.
24- to beat about the bush = (to be indirect in approaching something)
يدور حول الموضوع
The child beats about the bush so much that no one knows exactly what he wants.
25- to believe in =(to accept as true, have faith in existence)
I really think that my neighbor believes in ghosts.
26- to blow out = ( to explode, go flat,- said generally of tires)
On our trip to Paris one of our tires blew out.
27- to blow up = (to destroy by explosion, to explode)
A bomb blew up near the restaurant this morning.
28- to break down = (to stop functioning, -said generally of motors and similar mechanical objects or vehicle s)
His car broke down, and had to tow it to a garage.
29- to set to do {something} = (to be ready, prepared to do something)
متأهبون ، مستعدون
We were all set to sign the agreement when Mr. Smith backed out.
to break in = (to adjust through usage something which is new and stiff)
يتم التغلب على قسوة سلعة جديدة
These new shoes are hurting me. I’ll be glad when they are broken in!
31- to break into = (to enter by force)
يقتحم عنوة مبنى
One thief broke into the house last night.
32- to break loose = (to become free, escape)
يفلت من ، يهرب من
He broke loose from the police and ran away.
33- to break off = (to terminate, put an end to)
يقطع علاقة
We may break off relations with that hostile country.
34- to break out = (to occur suddenly)
Mr. Adams was living in Miami when the war broke out.
35- to bring about = (to cause something to happen)
The accident was brought about by Philip’s carelessness.
36- to bring somebody or something back = (to return)
I brought the book back to the library yesterday.
37- to bring out = (to produce, present, cause something to appear)
يصدر ، ينشر
They try to bring out one new book each month.
38- to bring somebody to = (to revive)
يعيد شخصا إلى الوعي بعد إغماء
This medicine will surely bring the injured passenger to.
39- to bring somebody up = (to rear, raise from childhood, to look after a child till he / she is adult and to teach him / her how to behave)
Steve was born in Sidney but brought up in Rome.
40- to build up = (to increase, make stronger)
ينمي ، يعزز تدريجيا
The patient needs good tonic to build up his strength.
41- to burn something down = (to burn to the ground, often passive)
يدمر بالحرق ، يحترق عن آخرة
Their house was burnt down and only ashes were left.
42- to burn something out = (to stop functioning)
There are no lights in the house . Perhaps a fuse has burned out.
43- to burn up = (to burn completely)
He burned up the letter and threw the ashes into the fireplace.
44- to burst out crying = ( to begin suddenly to cry)
ينفجر باكيا
Everyone was quiet when Jill suddenly burst out crying.
45- to buy out = ( to buy a business from another person)
يشتري بالكامل
He can sell his interests in that business any time because Mr. Miller will buy it out.
46- to buy up = (to buy the complete stock of)
يشتري كل الموجودات
The librarian is trying to buy up all the available old books.
47- by heart = (by memory)
على ظهر قلب
We have to know that poem by heart.
48- by mistake = (in error)
He made a telephone call by mistake.
49- by oneself = (alone)
Jack did the work by himself. No one helped him.
50- by the way = (incidentally)
By the way, have you seen George in London ?
51- to call down = (to scold, reprimand)
Don’t call Mary down for that mistake. I am sure she did not do it on purpose.
52- to call for = (to go to get, pick up)
يعرج على شخص كي يذهب معه لمكان آخر
He promised to call for Ann at six o’clock.
53- to call off = (to cancel)
The flight between the two states will be called off temporarily.
54- to call on = (to visit)
يزور زيارة قصيرة
Last night several friends called on us.
55- to call up = (to telephone, phone, ring up)
Did Martin call me up last night ?
56- to carry out = ( to complete, accomplish)
The engineer carried out this plan without difficulty.
57- to catch cold = (to become sick with the cold)
يصاب بالزكام
If you go out in this rain, you will certainly catch cold.
58- to catch fire = (to begin to burn)
No one seems to know how the building caught fire.
59- to catch on = (to understand. particularly to grasp the meaning of a humorous story)
يدرك أو يفهم الفكرة
Did you catch on what Richard said ?
60- to check out = (leaving time, (a hotel)
يسجل مغادرة ، يدفع حساب الفندق ويغادره
The tourist checked out at 11 a.m.
61- to check up = (to examine, check, inspect)
فحص طبى
Susan is going to doctor to have a general check up.
62- to cheer up = (to make happier, inspire)
I have some news which I am sure will cheer you up.
63- to come about = (to happen, result)
How did the accident come about ?
64- to come across = (to find by chance, or meet unexpectedly)
يقابل صدفة
While I was going to Madrid, I came across my friend Martin.
65- to come to = (to revive)
يفيق من غيبوبة
At first we thought the man was dead but soon he came to.
66- to come true = (to prove to be true or correct)
What the radio said about the weather for today has certainly come true.
67- to cross out = (to cancel – often by marking with crosses, omit)
Why did you cross out the last line of your composition?
68- to cut in = (to interrupt, enter sharply into the path of another)
يقاطع شخصا أثناء الحديث
We were talking quietly when she cut in.
69- to cut off = (to remove by cutting the ends -- also to terminate abruptly)
The rope was too long; so we cut off about six feet of it.
70- to cut out = (to remove by cutting – also to stop doing something)
يبتر ، ينقطع عن ، يترك
I wish I could cut out smoking.
71- to die away = (to diminish gradually in the distance, referring to sound)
يضمحل ، يزول ، يتلاشى
The sound of the horn on the excursion train slowly died away.
72- to die down = (to decrease, lessen in intensity)
يتناقص ، يتضاءل
The room seemed warm enough: so we let the fire die down.
73- to die out = (to disappear gradually but completely)
يزول ، ينقرض ، يختفي
The style of that sport died out years ago.
74- to do one’s best = (to try hard, make effort)
يبذل قصارى جهده
I tried to do my best to help him as you asked me.
75- to do over = ( to repeat, to do again)
My teacher didn’t like my composition; so I did it over.
76- to do without = (to get along without)
يستغني عن
In his business he can’t do without a car.
77- to drop in on = (to visit informally)
يقوم بزيارة غير متوقعة
Some old friends dropped in on us last night.
78- to drop out of = (to discontinue attendance or participation in a school, a club, etc.,)
يكف عن الاشتراك العملي في
Many students have dropped out of school due to their failure.
79- to dry out = (to become dry through a gradual loss of moisture)
يجف تدريجيا
We can not use this wood; it is all dried out.
80- to dry up = (to dry completely)
يجف بالكامل
It rained very little and the streets soon dried up.
81- every now and then = (occasionally)
من حين لآخر
It rains every now and then in Lisbon.
82- every so often =(sometimes, occasionally, from time to time)
أحيانا ، بين آن وآخر
Every so often I feel like going to the jungle. .
83- to fall behind = (to lag, fail to keep up)
يتخلف عن غيره ، يتباطأ
Thomas fell behind in his studies and finally had to leave school.
84- to fall in love with = (to begin to love)
Bassanio fell in love with Portia.
85- to fall off = (to fall from something; also, to decrease in volume)
يسقط من مكان ما
The little boy fell off his bicycle.
86- to fall through = (to fail to materialize, collapse)
يخفق ، يفشل ، يلغي
We wanted to go abroad last summer but our plans fell through
87- to feel like = (to be inclined, have the desire to)
يرغب ، يميل إلى
Does she feel like drinking coffee now ?
88- to feel sorry for = (to pity, feel compassion for)
يأسف على
I feel more sorry for his son than I do for him.
89- to figure out = (to discover, reason out, to study carefully in order to understand)
يكتشف ، يفهم ، يحلل
I can’t figure Martin out-he’s a mystery !
90- to fill out = (to complete ; said of blanks, forms, etc.,)
يملأ الفراغ في وثيقة أو بيان
If you apply for a job, you have to fill out some application forms.
91- to find fault with = (to criticize)
It is easy to find fault with the work of others.
92- to find out = (to discover, learn)
Have you found out how much the ticket costs ?
93- fond of = (interested in, keen on )
محب لـ ، مولع بـ
I am fond of novels.
94- fool around = (to play and joke, spend time foolishly with little result)
يعبث ، يحوم حول
Stop fooling around with that knife or someone will get hurt !
95- for ever = ( for good, permanently)
دائما ، إلى الأبد ، مدى الحياة
He will leave Brazil for ever.
96- for good = (for ever. permanently)
دائما ، إلى الأبد ، مدى الحياة
Why don’t you live in New York for good?
97- to get along = (to do, succeed, make progress)
Are you getting along very well in studying this book so far ?
98- to get along with = (to live or work harmoniously with)
Is the boss getting along well with his employees?
99- to get away = (to escape)
The thief got away from the police yesterday.
100- to get back = ( to return)
What time did you get back last night ?
101- to get behind = (to fall behind)
He never studied; therefore he got behind.
102- to get better = (to become better)
Kipps has been sick for the last month, but he is getting much better nowadays.
103- to get down = (to go down, come down)
You have been upstairs for hours. When will you get down ?
104- to get even with = (to be revenged)
The enemy will get even with them for their crime.
105- to get in = (to enter, arrive)
Will you please get in and shut the door ?
106- to get in touch with = (to communicate with)
I will get in touch with you as soon as I get there.
107- to get off = (descend from, leave)
يترجل من ، عن
At which station are you going to get off the train ?
108- to get on = (to enter, board)
يعتلي ، يركب
I get on the bus at the same station every morning.
109- to get out = (to take out, to go out)
This tool is too big to get out.
110- to get over = (to recover from)
يتعافى من
It took me more than a month to get over my sickness.
111- to get rid of = (to become free from)
يتخلص من
It certainly took Mr. Brown a long time to get rid of those old books.
112- to get through = (to finish)
ينجز ، يتم
When will you get through with your work tonight ?
113- to get up = (to arise, wake up)
ينهض من فراشه
She always gets up at six o’clock .
114- to give birth to = (to bear)
تلد ، تضع
Linda has just given birth to twins.
115- to give in = (to surrender)
Completely surrounded by the troops, the enemy finally gave in.
116- to give off = (to release, produce)
يطلق ، يخرج
Water when boiled always gives off steam.
117- to give out = (to distribute, also, to become exhausted, terminate)
يوزع ، ينهار ، ينهي
He stood at the door giving out programs.
118- to give someone a ring = (to telephone)
I’ll give you a ring as soon as I get to the station.
119- to give up = (to surrender, renounce)
يتخلى عن، يكف عن
Why don’t you give up working since you are very old ?
120- to go around = (to be sufficient for everyone)
Are there enough chairs to go around ?
121- to go down = (sink, decrease in price)
يغرق ، يغطس ، يتناقص في السعر
I saw a boat going down the sea.
122- to go off = (to depart, explode)
يرحل ، ينطلق
The gun went off while he was cleaning it.
123- to go on = (to continue, proceed)
Will you please go on reading loudly ?
124- to go out = (to stop burning)
When the firemen arrived, the fire had gone out
125- to go with = (to match, harmonize – in color or design)
ينسجم مع
This coat doesn’t go with my trousers.
126- good for nothing = (useless)
عديم القيمة ، تافه
This stamp is good for nothing.
127- had better = (it is advisable to)
من الأفضل أن
You had better study hard day and night.
128- hand in = (to submit)
Every student has to hand in a composition each week.
129- to hang up = (to put on a hook, also to end telephone conversation)
يعلق الثوب ، ينهي مكالمة هاتفية، بإعادة السماعة إلى موضعها
He hung up his coat on the closet.
130- to have a good time = (to enjoy oneself, pass a period of time pleasantly)
يمضي وقتا ممتعا
Did you have a good time in Florida ?
131- to have got = (to have, to possess)
Have you got a match please ?
132- to have got to do something = (must, have to)
ينبغي ، يجب
You’ve got to study hard in order to make good progress.
133- to have time off = (to have free time, not to have to work)
يمتلك وقت فراغ
He works only six days a week and has every Friday off.
134- have to do with = (to have some connection with)
يتعلق بـ
I have nothing to do with Earnest. He is very careless.
135- to hear from = (to know about)
يتلقى أخبارا عن طريق رسالة
Have you heard from Mary lately ?
136- to hold off = (to delay)
يرجئ ، يؤخر
He has promised to hold off legal action for another week.
137- to hold on = (hold tightly to something, not let go of something)
ينتظر ، يتشبث بـ
Hold on a minute. I want to speak to you.
138- to hold out = (to continue in supply, resist)
يصمد ، يعرض ، يقدم بدون انقطاع
I will stay in China as long as my money holds out.
139- to hold over = (to extend, postpone)
يؤجل ، يحتفظ بـ
Let’s hold over discussion of this problem until next meeting.
140- to hold up = (to rob at the point of a gun, also to delay)
يهدد بالمسد س بنية السرقة ، يسطو مهددا بسلاح
That bank has been held up three times.
141- in a hurry = (hurriedly, in rush, quickly)
على عجل
Don’t rush. We are not in a hurry.
142- interested in = (fond of, keen on)
شديد الاهتمام ، متحمس ، حريص ، متلهف
Are you interested in Jazz ?
143- in time = (within or sometime before an appointed time)
في الوقت المطلوب
We usually go to class in time.
144- on time = (exactly at an appointed time)
في الوقت المطلوب ، بالضبط
Why don’t you come to office on time ? You are often very late.
145- in vain = (useless, without result, without success)
بلا طائل
All the doctors’ efforts were in vain and the man soon passed away.
146- to keep an eye on = (to watch, to guard)
يراقب ، يرعى
The police kept an eye on that house while its owners were out.
147- to keep in mind = (to remember, not to forget)
Please keep in mind that we never hate you.
148- to keep in touch with = (to contact)
يكون على اتصال مع
I still keep in touch with him but he is abroad
149- to keep off = (not to enter or step on)
يبتعد عن ، يتجنب
Please keep off the grass !
150- to keep on = (to continue, go on)
I’d rather keep on studying at the moment.
151- to keep out = (to prevent from entering)
ممنوع الدخول
There was a sign just outside the door which said :
“Danger! Keep out.”
152- to keep track of = (to keep or maintain a record of)
We are going to keep track of all our expenses while we are in the market.
153- to keep up with = (to maintain a standard of speed)
If we can keep up with this speed, we should arrive there in about two days.
154- to knock out = (to render unconscious by a strong blow)
يصرع الخصم في الملاكمة ، يهزم
Jack knocked the famous boxer out with one punch.
155- to know by sight = (to recognize somebody without knowing him / her well)
يعرف بالشكل فقط
I have never met Mr. Black; I just know him by sight.
156- to lay off = (to dismiss temporarily)
يطرح مؤقتاً ، يستغني عن خدمات
During this season of the year they often lay off many workers at that plant.
157- to leave out = (to omit)
يحذف ، يترك
Why did you leave out the second question on your examination ?
158- to let alone = (not to mention)
ناهيك عن
He doesn’t even speak his own language well let alone French.
159- to let up = (to slacken, lessen in intensity)
ينتقص ، يتباطئ ، يتوقف
It has rained for three days without letting up.
160- to lie down = (to recline, take a lying position)
يستلقي في فراشه ليستريح برهة
I am going to lie down for a while.
161- little by little = (gradually, slowly)
If you study regularly every day, little by little, your vocabulary will increase.
162- to live up to = (to reach or maintain a certain high standard, to be as good as expected)
يحقق الآمال المعقودة عليه
Mac never lives up to the promise he makes.
163- to look after = (to take care of, care for)
يعتني بـ
Who looks after the office while you are away ?
164- to look at = (to direct the eyes towards, watch)
ينظر إلى
I was looking at him when he was laughing.
165- to look down on ((upon)) = (despise, scorn)
يستصغر ، يزدري
She looked down on that silly fellow
166- to look forward to = (to expect with pleasure or anticipation)
يتطلع إلى
I look forward to hearing from my friends.
167- to look into = (to investigate, examine carefully)
The judge looked into that evidence thoroughly.
168- to look out = (to be careful)
Look out ! You are about to make an accident!
169- to look over = (to review, examine again)
Please, look over your papers before handing them to me.
170- to look up a word = (to search for it, especially in a dictionary)
يبحث عن
If you don’t know the meaning of any word, look it up a dictionary.
171- to look somebody up = (to admire, respect highly)
يعجب ، يحترم
When she first saw him, she looked him up.
172- to make believe = (to pretend)
يدعي ، يتظاهر
The student made believe that he was sick so that he would not have to go to school.
173- to make clear = ( to explain, clarify)
The teacher made clear my mistake.
174- to make friends = (to win or gain friends)
Are you very good at making friends ?
175- to make fun of = ( to laugh at, cause others to laugh at, joke)
يسخر من
Never try to make fun of others.
176- to make no difference = (to be equal importance)
لا بأس
Does it make any difference to you if I drive your car ?
177 to make over = (to alter and make like new, -- said particularly of clothes.)


عدد المساهمات : 313
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/01/2010


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رد: مصطلحات في اللغة الإنجليزية

مُساهمة من طرف خالد النادى في السبت يونيو 12, 2010 3:20 am

مشكور مجهودك يا ابو سيف
ربنا يديك الصحة

خالد النادى
عضو مميز
عضو مميز

عدد المساهمات : 28
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/01/2010

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رد: مصطلحات في اللغة الإنجليزية

مُساهمة من طرف eman في الجمعة أكتوبر 15, 2010 3:06 pm

santa هو ده الكلام شكرررررررررررا يا ا/ عبد الرحمن


عدد المساهمات : 6
تاريخ التسجيل : 10/10/2010

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