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مُساهمة من طرف Admin في الإثنين يناير 11, 2010 4:14 pm

Fundamental Idioms
in English

الجزء الأول Part One
1- above all = (mainly, especially, most importantly)
أهم من كل شيء، قبل كل شيء
And above all, remember to send us your comments.
2- all at once = (suddenly, all of a sudden)
فجأة ، في نفس الوقت
All at once the sky became dark and it started to rain.
3- all day long = (the entire day, continuously)
طول اليوم
She has been working hard all day long.
4- all of a sudden = (suddenly)
بغتة ، فجأة
We were talking and all of a sudden Tom appeared.
5- all right = (satisfactory, correct)
على ما يرام
Will it be all right if I drive ?
6- as a matter of fact = (in fact, really)
في الحقيقة
As a matter of fact, l enjoy touring in Europe.
7- as usual = (as always, customarily)
كالعادة
Paul will come late tonight as usual.
8- as yet = (up to the present time)
لحد الآن
As yet we have no answer from Sheila.
9- ask for = (request)
يطلب
Did you ask for permission to leave ?
10- at all =(in any degree, in the least- generally used in a negative sense)
مطلقا
I never smoke at all.
11- at first = (originally, in the first instance)
في البداية
At first the tourist thought English was very difficult but then, he made very good progress.
12- at last = (finally)
أخيرا
At last we made up our minds to study psychology.
13- to back out = ( to withdraw, to fail to fulfill a promise or obligation)
يتراجع عن ، يتنصل من
We were all ready to sign the agreement when Mr. Smith backed out.
14- to back up = ( to put a car in reverse, drive or go backwards).
ينسحب للوراء
Back up a few feet more and then you can get out.
15- to be better off = (to be in a better condition or situation)
من الأفضل له أن
If he were very sick, he would be better off in hospital.
16- to be bound for {somewhere} = (to be going in a certain direction)
متجه إلى
The ship is bound for New York.
17- to be bound to = (certain, definite)
لابد ، متأكد
We are bound to be late if you don’t hurry.
18- to be cut out for = (to be designed for, have talent for, serve as)
يليق ، يصلح ، يناسب
Carl is certainly not cut out for to be a doctor.
19- to be in charge of = (to manage, to be responsible for)
مسئول عن ، متعهد بـ
Jack is in charge of the office while Mr. Brown is away.
20- to be in one’s way = (to block or obstruct, thus causing inconvenience)
في طريقك
Is this chair in your way ? You can remove it if you want.
21- to be named after = (to be given at birth the same name as another)
يسمي
David was named after his uncle.
22- to be taken in = (to be cheated, deceived)
يخدع ، يغش
The old lady was taken in by his smooth manner of talking, and gave him all her savings to invest for her.
23- to be well off = (to be rich)
عنده ما يكفي (من الشيء)
Carol’s parents were once well off, but they lost all their money.
24- to beat about the bush = (to be indirect in approaching something)
يدور حول الموضوع
The child beats about the bush so much that no one knows exactly what he wants.
25- to believe in =(to accept as true, have faith in existence)
يصدق
I really think that my neighbor believes in ghosts.
26- to blow out = ( to explode, go flat,- said generally of tires)
يتفجر
On our trip to Paris one of our tires blew out.
27- to blow up = (to destroy by explosion, to explode)
ينفجر
A bomb blew up near the restaurant this morning.
28- to break down = (to stop functioning, -said generally of motors and similar mechanical objects or vehicle s)
يتعطل
His car broke down, and had to tow it to a garage.
29- to set to do {something} = (to be ready, prepared to do something)
متأهبون ، مستعدون
We were all set to sign the agreement when Mr. Smith backed out.
30-
to break in = (to adjust through usage something which is new and stiff)
يتم التغلب على قسوة سلعة جديدة
These new shoes are hurting me. I’ll be glad when they are broken in!
31- to break into = (to enter by force)
يقتحم عنوة مبنى
One thief broke into the house last night.
32- to break loose = (to become free, escape)
يفلت من ، يهرب من
He broke loose from the police and ran away.
33- to break off = (to terminate, put an end to)
يقطع علاقة
We may break off relations with that hostile country.
34- to break out = (to occur suddenly)
تندلع
Mr. Adams was living in Miami when the war broke out.
35- to bring about = (to cause something to happen)
يحدث
The accident was brought about by Philip’s carelessness.
36- to bring somebody or something back = (to return)
يرجع
I brought the book back to the library yesterday.
37- to bring out = (to produce, present, cause something to appear)
يصدر ، ينشر
They try to bring out one new book each month.
38- to bring somebody to = (to revive)
يعيد شخصا إلى الوعي بعد إغماء
This medicine will surely bring the injured passenger to.
39- to bring somebody up = (to rear, raise from childhood, to look after a child till he / she is adult and to teach him / her how to behave)
يربي
Steve was born in Sidney but brought up in Rome.
40- to build up = (to increase, make stronger)
ينمي ، يعزز تدريجيا
The patient needs good tonic to build up his strength.
41- to burn something down = (to burn to the ground, often passive)
يدمر بالحرق ، يحترق عن آخرة
Their house was burnt down and only ashes were left.
42- to burn something out = (to stop functioning)
يحترق
There are no lights in the house . Perhaps a fuse has burned out.
43- to burn up = (to burn completely)
يحرق
He burned up the letter and threw the ashes into the fireplace.
44- to burst out crying = ( to begin suddenly to cry)
ينفجر باكيا
Everyone was quiet when Jill suddenly burst out crying.
45- to buy out = ( to buy a business from another person)
يشتري بالكامل
He can sell his interests in that business any time because Mr. Miller will buy it out.
46- to buy up = (to buy the complete stock of)
يشتري كل الموجودات
The librarian is trying to buy up all the available old books.
47- by heart = (by memory)
على ظهر قلب
We have to know that poem by heart.
48- by mistake = (in error)
خطأ
He made a telephone call by mistake.
49- by oneself = (alone)
بنفسه
Jack did the work by himself. No one helped him.
50- by the way = (incidentally)
بالمناسبة
By the way, have you seen George in London ?
51- to call down = (to scold, reprimand)
يوبخ
Don’t call Mary down for that mistake. I am sure she did not do it on purpose.
52- to call for = (to go to get, pick up)
يعرج على شخص كي يذهب معه لمكان آخر
He promised to call for Ann at six o’clock.
53- to call off = (to cancel)
يلغي
The flight between the two states will be called off temporarily.
54- to call on = (to visit)
يزور زيارة قصيرة
Last night several friends called on us.
55- to call up = (to telephone, phone, ring up)
يتلفن
Did Martin call me up last night ?
56- to carry out = ( to complete, accomplish)
ينفذ
The engineer carried out this plan without difficulty.
57- to catch cold = (to become sick with the cold)
يصاب بالزكام
If you go out in this rain, you will certainly catch cold.
58- to catch fire = (to begin to burn)
يشتعل
No one seems to know how the building caught fire.
59- to catch on = (to understand. particularly to grasp the meaning of a humorous story)
يدرك أو يفهم الفكرة
Did you catch on what Richard said ?
60- to check out = (leaving time, (a hotel)
يسجل مغادرة ، يدفع حساب الفندق ويغادره
The tourist checked out at 11 a.m.
61- to check up = (to examine, check, inspect)
فحص طبى
Susan is going to doctor to have a general check up.
62- to cheer up = (to make happier, inspire)
يبهج
I have some news which I am sure will cheer you up.
63- to come about = (to happen, result)
يحدث
How did the accident come about ?
64- to come across = (to find by chance, or meet unexpectedly)
يقابل صدفة
While I was going to Madrid, I came across my friend Martin.
65- to come to = (to revive)
يفيق من غيبوبة
At first we thought the man was dead but soon he came to.
66- to come true = (to prove to be true or correct)
يتحقق
What the radio said about the weather for today has certainly come true.
67- to cross out = (to cancel – often by marking with crosses, omit)
يشطب
Why did you cross out the last line of your composition?
68- to cut in = (to interrupt, enter sharply into the path of another)
يقاطع شخصا أثناء الحديث
We were talking quietly when she cut in.
69- to cut off = (to remove by cutting the ends -- also to terminate abruptly)
يقطع
The rope was too long; so we cut off about six feet of it.
70- to cut out = (to remove by cutting – also to stop doing something)
يبتر ، ينقطع عن ، يترك
I wish I could cut out smoking.
71- to die away = (to diminish gradually in the distance, referring to sound)
يضمحل ، يزول ، يتلاشى
The sound of the horn on the excursion train slowly died away.
72- to die down = (to decrease, lessen in intensity)
يتناقص ، يتضاءل
The room seemed warm enough: so we let the fire die down.
73- to die out = (to disappear gradually but completely)
يزول ، ينقرض ، يختفي
The style of that sport died out years ago.
74- to do one’s best = (to try hard, make effort)
يبذل قصارى جهده
I tried to do my best to help him as you asked me.
75- to do over = ( to repeat, to do again)
يعيد
My teacher didn’t like my composition; so I did it over.
76- to do without = (to get along without)
يستغني عن
In his business he can’t do without a car.
77- to drop in on = (to visit informally)
يقوم بزيارة غير متوقعة
Some old friends dropped in on us last night.
78- to drop out of = (to discontinue attendance or participation in a school, a club, etc.,)
يكف عن الاشتراك العملي في
Many students have dropped out of school due to their failure.
79- to dry out = (to become dry through a gradual loss of moisture)
يجف تدريجيا
We can not use this wood; it is all dried out.
80- to dry up = (to dry completely)
يجف بالكامل
It rained very little and the streets soon dried up.
81- every now and then = (occasionally)
من حين لآخر
It rains every now and then in Lisbon.
82- every so often =(sometimes, occasionally, from time to time)
أحيانا ، بين آن وآخر
Every so often I feel like going to the jungle. .
83- to fall behind = (to lag, fail to keep up)
يتخلف عن غيره ، يتباطأ
Thomas fell behind in his studies and finally had to leave school.
84- to fall in love with = (to begin to love)
يعشق
Bassanio fell in love with Portia.
85- to fall off = (to fall from something; also, to decrease in volume)
يسقط من مكان ما
The little boy fell off his bicycle.
86- to fall through = (to fail to materialize, collapse)
يخفق ، يفشل ، يلغي
We wanted to go abroad last summer but our plans fell through
87- to feel like = (to be inclined, have the desire to)
يرغب ، يميل إلى
Does she feel like drinking coffee now ?
88- to feel sorry for = (to pity, feel compassion for)
يأسف على
I feel more sorry for his son than I do for him.
89- to figure out = (to discover, reason out, to study carefully in order to understand)
يكتشف ، يفهم ، يحلل
I can’t figure Martin out-he’s a mystery !
90- to fill out = (to complete ; said of blanks, forms, etc.,)
يملأ الفراغ في وثيقة أو بيان
If you apply for a job, you have to fill out some application forms.
91- to find fault with = (to criticize)
يعيب
It is easy to find fault with the work of others.
92- to find out = (to discover, learn)
يكتشف
Have you found out how much the ticket costs ?
93- fond of = (interested in, keen on )
محب لـ ، مولع بـ
I am fond of novels.
94- fool around = (to play and joke, spend time foolishly with little result)
يعبث ، يحوم حول
Stop fooling around with that knife or someone will get hurt !
95- for ever = ( for good, permanently)
دائما ، إلى الأبد ، مدى الحياة
He will leave Brazil for ever.
96- for good = (for ever. permanently)
دائما ، إلى الأبد ، مدى الحياة
Why don’t you live in New York for good?
97- to get along = (to do, succeed, make progress)
يتقدم
Are you getting along very well in studying this book so far ?
98- to get along with = (to live or work harmoniously with)
ينسجم
Is the boss getting along well with his employees?
99- to get away = (to escape)
يهرب
The thief got away from the police yesterday.
100- to get back = ( to return)
يعود
What time did you get back last night ?
101- to get behind = (to fall behind)
يتخلف
He never studied; therefore he got behind.
102- to get better = (to become better)
يتحسن
Kipps has been sick for the last month, but he is getting much better nowadays.
103- to get down = (to go down, come down)
ينزل
You have been upstairs for hours. When will you get down ?
104- to get even with = (to be revenged)
يثأر
The enemy will get even with them for their crime.
105- to get in = (to enter, arrive)
يدخل
Will you please get in and shut the door ?
106- to get in touch with = (to communicate with)
يتلفن
I will get in touch with you as soon as I get there.
107- to get off = (descend from, leave)
يترجل من ، عن
At which station are you going to get off the train ?
108- to get on = (to enter, board)
يعتلي ، يركب
I get on the bus at the same station every morning.
109- to get out = (to take out, to go out)
يستخرج
This tool is too big to get out.
110- to get over = (to recover from)
يتعافى من
It took me more than a month to get over my sickness.
111- to get rid of = (to become free from)
يتخلص من
It certainly took Mr. Brown a long time to get rid of those old books.
112- to get through = (to finish)
ينجز ، يتم
When will you get through with your work tonight ?
113- to get up = (to arise, wake up)
ينهض من فراشه
She always gets up at six o’clock .
114- to give birth to = (to bear)
تلد ، تضع
Linda has just given birth to twins.
115- to give in = (to surrender)
يستسلم
Completely surrounded by the troops, the enemy finally gave in.
116- to give off = (to release, produce)
يطلق ، يخرج
Water when boiled always gives off steam.
117- to give out = (to distribute, also, to become exhausted, terminate)
يوزع ، ينهار ، ينهي
He stood at the door giving out programs.
118- to give someone a ring = (to telephone)
يتلفن
I’ll give you a ring as soon as I get to the station.
119- to give up = (to surrender, renounce)
يتخلى عن، يكف عن
Why don’t you give up working since you are very old ?
120- to go around = (to be sufficient for everyone)
يكفي
Are there enough chairs to go around ?
121- to go down = (sink, decrease in price)
يغرق ، يغطس ، يتناقص في السعر
I saw a boat going down the sea.
122- to go off = (to depart, explode)
يرحل ، ينطلق
The gun went off while he was cleaning it.
123- to go on = (to continue, proceed)
يستمر
Will you please go on reading loudly ?
124- to go out = (to stop burning)
ينطفئ
When the firemen arrived, the fire had gone out
125- to go with = (to match, harmonize – in color or design)
ينسجم مع
This coat doesn’t go with my trousers.
126- good for nothing = (useless)
عديم القيمة ، تافه
This stamp is good for nothing.
127- had better = (it is advisable to)
من الأفضل أن
You had better study hard day and night.
128- hand in = (to submit)
يسلم
Every student has to hand in a composition each week.
129- to hang up = (to put on a hook, also to end telephone conversation)
يعلق الثوب ، ينهي مكالمة هاتفية، بإعادة السماعة إلى موضعها
He hung up his coat on the closet.
130- to have a good time = (to enjoy oneself, pass a period of time pleasantly)
يمضي وقتا ممتعا
Did you have a good time in Florida ?
131- to have got = (to have, to possess)
يملك
Have you got a match please ?
132- to have got to do something = (must, have to)
ينبغي ، يجب
You’ve got to study hard in order to make good progress.
133- to have time off = (to have free time, not to have to work)
يمتلك وقت فراغ
He works only six days a week and has every Friday off.
134- have to do with = (to have some connection with)
يتعلق بـ
I have nothing to do with Earnest. He is very careless.
135- to hear from = (to know about)
يتلقى أخبارا عن طريق رسالة
Have you heard from Mary lately ?
136- to hold off = (to delay)
يرجئ ، يؤخر
He has promised to hold off legal action for another week.
137- to hold on = (hold tightly to something, not let go of something)
ينتظر ، يتشبث بـ
Hold on a minute. I want to speak to you.
138- to hold out = (to continue in supply, resist)
يصمد ، يعرض ، يقدم بدون انقطاع
I will stay in China as long as my money holds out.
139- to hold over = (to extend, postpone)
يؤجل ، يحتفظ بـ
Let’s hold over discussion of this problem until next meeting.
140- to hold up = (to rob at the point of a gun, also to delay)
يهدد بالمسد س بنية السرقة ، يسطو مهددا بسلاح
That bank has been held up three times.
141- in a hurry = (hurriedly, in rush, quickly)
على عجل
Don’t rush. We are not in a hurry.
142- interested in = (fond of, keen on)
شديد الاهتمام ، متحمس ، حريص ، متلهف
Are you interested in Jazz ?
143- in time = (within or sometime before an appointed time)
في الوقت المطلوب
We usually go to class in time.
144- on time = (exactly at an appointed time)
في الوقت المطلوب ، بالضبط
Why don’t you come to office on time ? You are often very late.
145- in vain = (useless, without result, without success)
بلا طائل
All the doctors’ efforts were in vain and the man soon passed away.
146- to keep an eye on = (to watch, to guard)
يراقب ، يرعى
The police kept an eye on that house while its owners were out.
147- to keep in mind = (to remember, not to forget)
يتذكر
Please keep in mind that we never hate you.
148- to keep in touch with = (to contact)
يكون على اتصال مع
I still keep in touch with him but he is abroad
149- to keep off = (not to enter or step on)
يبتعد عن ، يتجنب
Please keep off the grass !
150- to keep on = (to continue, go on)
يستمر
I’d rather keep on studying at the moment.
151- to keep out = (to prevent from entering)
ممنوع الدخول
There was a sign just outside the door which said :
“Danger! Keep out.”
152- to keep track of = (to keep or maintain a record of)
يتابع
We are going to keep track of all our expenses while we are in the market.
153- to keep up with = (to maintain a standard of speed)
يجاري
If we can keep up with this speed, we should arrive there in about two days.
154- to knock out = (to render unconscious by a strong blow)
يصرع الخصم في الملاكمة ، يهزم
Jack knocked the famous boxer out with one punch.
155- to know by sight = (to recognize somebody without knowing him / her well)
يعرف بالشكل فقط
I have never met Mr. Black; I just know him by sight.
156- to lay off = (to dismiss temporarily)
يطرح مؤقتاً ، يستغني عن خدمات
During this season of the year they often lay off many workers at that plant.
157- to leave out = (to omit)
يحذف ، يترك
Why did you leave out the second question on your examination ?
158- to let alone = (not to mention)
ناهيك عن
He doesn’t even speak his own language well let alone French.
159- to let up = (to slacken, lessen in intensity)
ينتقص ، يتباطئ ، يتوقف
It has rained for three days without letting up.
160- to lie down = (to recline, take a lying position)
يستلقي في فراشه ليستريح برهة
I am going to lie down for a while.
161- little by little = (gradually, slowly)
تدريجيا
If you study regularly every day, little by little, your vocabulary will increase.
162- to live up to = (to reach or maintain a certain high standard, to be as good as expected)
يحقق الآمال المعقودة عليه
Mac never lives up to the promise he makes.
163- to look after = (to take care of, care for)
يعتني بـ
Who looks after the office while you are away ?
164- to look at = (to direct the eyes towards, watch)
ينظر إلى
I was looking at him when he was laughing.
165- to look down on ((upon)) = (despise, scorn)
يستصغر ، يزدري
She looked down on that silly fellow
166- to look forward to = (to expect with pleasure or anticipation)
يتطلع إلى
I look forward to hearing from my friends.
167- to look into = (to investigate, examine carefully)
يتفحص
The judge looked into that evidence thoroughly.
168- to look out = (to be careful)
ينتبه
Look out ! You are about to make an accident!
169- to look over = (to review, examine again)
يراجع
Please, look over your papers before handing them to me.
170- to look up a word = (to search for it, especially in a dictionary)
يبحث عن
If you don’t know the meaning of any word, look it up a dictionary.
171- to look somebody up = (to admire, respect highly)
يعجب ، يحترم
When she first saw him, she looked him up.
172- to make believe = (to pretend)
يدعي ، يتظاهر
The student made believe that he was sick so that he would not have to go to school.
173- to make clear = ( to explain, clarify)
يوضح
The teacher made clear my mistake.
174- to make friends = (to win or gain friends)
يصادق
Are you very good at making friends ?
175- to make fun of = ( to laugh at, cause others to laugh at, joke)
يسخر من
Never try to make fun of others.
176- to make no difference = (to be equal importance)
لا بأس
Does it make any difference to you if I drive your car ?
177 to make over = (to alter and make like new, -- said particularly of clothes.)
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رد: مصطلحات في اللغة الإنجليزية

مُساهمة من طرف خالد النادى في السبت يونيو 12, 2010 3:20 am

مشكور مجهودك يا ابو سيف
ربنا يديك الصحة
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عضو مميز
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رد: مصطلحات في اللغة الإنجليزية

مُساهمة من طرف eman في الجمعة أكتوبر 15, 2010 3:06 pm

santa هو ده الكلام شكرررررررررررا يا ا/ عبد الرحمن
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